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History of fireworks: The Tang Dynasty was first born to drive away evil!


Fireworks are sparks of various colors emitted by pyrotechnic agents when they are set off, sometimes referring to the pyrotechnic agents themselves. Chinese people have the habit of setting off fireworks and firecrackers. When they encounter important things, especially festivals, they always put a little on them to show their importance and celebration. Since fireworks are so important, they must be indispensable in costume dramas. Many costume dramas incorporate fireworks as scenes or plots into the plot, especially in order to make the hero and heroine happy. However, if a Han emperor said with a grin, "Go, let's set off fireworks together!" It can only be said that the emperor was a superhuman who rewrote the history of science and technology in China. Liu Ying, Emperor Huidi of the Han Dynasty in the fourth episode of the TV series "The Beauty's Idea", is such a character. He proves that he is a superhuman by his own practice of lighting fireworks.




It is well known that fireworks can be ignited because of the presence of gunpowder. Gunpowder began with Taoist alchemy in ancient times. In order to achieve long life, the ancients began to make alchemy very early. This alchemy flourished in the Wei, Jin, Southern and Southern Dynasties, because sulfur, nitrite and other combustible substances were often used in these Dan drugs, which directly promoted the emergence of gunpowder. Gunpowder can not solve the problem of immortality, and it is easy to ignite. The alchemists are not interested in it. The formula of gunpowder changed from alchemists to militarists and became one of the four great inventions in ancient China.


According to historical records, gunpowder was invented by the Chinese in the Sui and Tang Dynasties. In the late Sui and early Tang Dynasty, Sun Simiao, a famous alchemist and pharmacist, was concealed in a cave outside the east gate of Liuyang County for alchemy and medicine. He added sulphur, nitrate and charcoal to the stove and refined it day and night. After cold and heat and repeated failures, gunpowder was finally refined. By the end of the Tang Dynasty, gunpowder had been used in military affairs.

So, how did fireworks come into being? That must start with Sun Simiao's gunpowder.



During the Zhenguan period of Emperor Taizong of Tang Dynasty, droughts and floods occurred successively in eastern Hunan, and the people were not bored. At this time, a Liuyang man named Li Li Li was determined to drive away evil. He filled the bamboo barrel with gunpowder, put on the powder line, ignited it with a loud noise, fragrance overflowing, and eventually the evil lamp was driven away, so that people could live and work in peace and peace in the world. From then on, Liuyang firecrackers and fireworks were born. Liuyang Li Fan is honored as the "grandfather" of firecrackers and fireworks.


When Yongzheng came to power, in order to change Zhengshuo, it was necessary to set off firecrackers and fireworks on the Lantern Festival in the first year of the year, and to spread the message to the firecracker industry, to innovate in Beijing. At that time, Liuyang officials were panicked, posted notices everywhere, accepted good talents, and instructed firecrackers master Li Tai to create new flowers and pay tribute within a time limit, which made Li Tai sleep and eat uneasy. One day, when he passed the blacksmith shop, he saw sparks under the hammer, long and short, red and white, thick and thin, silk and silk, and his heart moved. Then Li Tai swept some iron scraps, went home and hammered them into pieces, then mixed them with gunpowder and rice soup. Iron sand and gunpowder are mixed in different sizes and sizes, and then powered by black nitrate and installed at the bottom fuse. As a result, flowers of different shapes or plum or chrysanthemum are sprayed. When Li Tai's new flowers rose high above the Forbidden City and drifted down into the sky, they dazzled and dazzled Yongzheng.



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